WV Citizens Concerned About Black Rock Wind Farm

If you haven’t visited Stop Black Rock Wind Farm web site, do so. It seems a number of concerned local residents have formed a group with intent to hold a large corporation’s feet to the fire. They will be challenging State and Local Government Agencies to fairly evaluate the project, which is planned for Grant and Mineral counties WV, before giving permission to construct the huge turbines smack dab in the middle of homes and adding to the migratory flyway wind turbine gauntlet. It’s fair to say the task these folks have taken on is a formidable one, but I certainly wish them well.

You see, they are already being labeled “flat-earthers” and “tin foil hat” wearing whiners who can’t see the grand plan. As with other such past projects the political skids are greased. The taxes and jobs playbook is already dusted off and officials are salivating over the benefits. It will be an uphill battle for these folks and they must remember that the name calling usually comes from those with few answers.

A problem this group will face is getting to the bottom of facts, a problem I faced several years ago with the Pinnacle project, located just north of the proposed project in Mineral/Grant Counties, WV.

It can be very confusing and getting folks to answer for their claims is a real uphill battle. I remember back in 2011 after the Pinnacle project was complete, I admitted defeat and took the positive position of utilizing the actual performance of the Pinnacle project to determine if the claims made by the developer/owner/local representatives were achieved. I placed an open letter on this blog and even sent it as a letter to the Editor of the local newspaper. It must have been a lousy idea because no one responded. No one!

But I have high hopes that the assessments of the promises made for Pinnacle’s benefits were ongoing from the start, and tucked away on a thumb drive just waiting for the folks at Stop Black Rock Wind Farm to ask. After all, claims were made by David Friend and hired experts which the Public Service Commission was asked to accept without evidence to confirm. I suspect similar claims will be made regarding the Black Rock project and it would be good to have information to evaluate, now that there is actual local evidence accrued.

I wish these folks well and offer my old writings at this site for their use if found helpful. After stopping at their site and reading up on the Black Rock project, old memories of grand promises and issue sidestepping are coming back. Perhaps I’ll find a couple of other issues to write about. But, it has been a while.

Editor’s note: We try to be accurate and provide sources to back our commentary. If you find errors or omissions, please contact me via the comment section at the post.

Posted in West Virginia Wind | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Dan’s Mountain – Be really careful!

About 15 miles down the road a “wind farm” Developer wants to place industrial size wind turbines on a beautiful little spot in Western Maryland named Dan’s Mountain. As you might expect, some of the local citizens are upset and getting pretty vocal about their concerns.  They even have a Facebook page called Save Dan’s Mountain.

The Dan’s Mountain project has been kicking around for a while and delayed a bit while, I suppose, the Developer is working out the rough spots  Not sure how many remain unresolved, but one that has the locals particularly agitated is the Developer’s request for variance to an ordinance passed by the Allegany County (Maryland) Commissioners a few years ago to actually protect its citizens from … well … the potential negative impact of industrial wind on the community.

But, not ones to let a silly thing like quality of life stand in the way of profit, the Developer evidently pushed the County Commissioners who then assigned the task of variance approval, or better disapproval, to the Zoning Board.  As I understand it, that’s all supposed to take place the week of October 27 … NOW!

I have to confess this whole issue is none of my business.  Even though we’re neighbors, I actually live in a different state.  But I live in a community which has a little experience with industrial wind and specifically with members of the Developer’s team pushing Dan’s Mountain.  Yep, they seem to be the same folks who “shepherded” the Pinnacle wind project in nearby Mineral County WV.  So, that being the case, I just thought I’d share a few, albeit unsolicited, thoughts for my neighbors to consider.

A couple of years ago I found that US WindForce LLC, the Developer for the Pinnacle project and our community’s BFF had evaporated, as often LLC’s do.  Imagine my surprise when I found the same officials of that LLC had opened a new LLC at the same address and were promoting the Dan’s Mountain project.  For this project, they appear to be operating under the banner of Laurel Renewable Partners, LLC, the parent company of Dan’s Mountain Wind Force LLC.

Anyway, this LLC shift, morph or whatever it’s called prompted me a couple of years ago to produce a little tongue in cheek post called Who was that masked man?  The post expanded on my earlier expression of confusion as it relates to the whole industrial wind business’ name game, or as I like to call it – LLC Roulette.

Like I said, Dan’s Mountain is none of my business … but I’ll nose in anyway just to share a few of my frustrations.  Do I still have frustrations, you ask … even after the Pinnacle project is up and running?  Hell Yes!

You see, I asked a few questions of the Mineral County and WV Officials who were so important to the approval process in an open letter and surprise, not a peep!  My letter respectfully asked the officials to speak to the actual performance of the project against what was promised and, even after all the promises, no one evidently wanted to discuss the results.  The letter is at this link, if you care to read it: Open letter: Pinnacle wind farm benefits

It’s been 4 years since I sent the letter about Pinnacle so maybe I should send it again, although many of the officials, along with the wind developer’s LLC, have moved on.

Anyway, the variance the Dan’s Mountain Developer is seeking has to do with County Code approved way back in 2009.  Recalling the promise v actual issues at Pinnacle, I was curious to read the comments offered by interested parties at the time of the original Allegany County Commissioner’s meeting held March 2009 on Code Home Rule Bill 2-09.  You can go to the link to get comments, but what I found interesting were some of the attendees who testified:

  • Tom Matthews, President of U. S. Windforce and VP of Dans Mountain Windforce
  • Chris Purvis, representing Edison Mission Windforce
  • Charles Weber, Construction Site Manager for Edison Mission
  • Doug Vance, O & M Project Manager for Edison Mission
  • Jim Cookman, VP of Project Development, US Windforce
  • David Friend, VP of US Windforce
  • Joe Trainor, (US Wind Force LLC address), President of Dans Mountain Windforce
  • David McAnally, CEO of US Windforce
  • James Walsh, legal representative of US Windforce

The reason these folks caught my eye is because in testimony before the WV Public Service Commission regarding the Pinnacle project in late October, 2009, David Friend, then of US WindForce LLC, had this exchange with Commissioner Albert:

COMMISSIONER ALBERT: Is there anything in the application that I’ve missed that describes Edison beyond sort of the general description you got here?

Friend:  No, I don’t think there’s actually much in the application, but their website is readily available.   I’m sure we can make that available to you quite easily.  Just as a point of reference, they own the Homer City plant, the coal fired station in Pennsylvania. It’s one of the largest coal fired generators in, I think, the whole PJM.  They have the Grantown facility near Morgantown, Fairmont, in that direction.

COMMISSIONER ALBERT: Do they own that — Edison Mission Group sounds like a division or an organization as opposed to a legal entity. Is each of those projects individually owned by, say, Edison Mission Grantown Project, Inc. for instance or something as opposed to — I take it Edison Mission Group is not the legal entity?

Friend:  I believe it is. I get confused sometimes. There’s an Edison Mission Group and Edison Mission Energy, and there’s a little bit of synonymous use of the two names.  Every once in a while I’m confused, but it’s the unregulated subsidiary that holds the generation assets.  Homer City, for instance, I suspect — I don’t know this for a fact, but I suspect that Homer City is an LLC that’s owned. It’s owned by Edison Mission Group.  Edison Mission Group is in turn owned by Edison International.

It’s always bugged me that Mr. Friend didn’t have a good handle on the Company who contracted his company to gather up the permits.  Maybe I’m a little too picky, but I always like to know who I’m working for and one would think that a meeting attended by three Edison representatives and six US WindForce personnel would have sparked a little conversation about business, especially when they were working together to develop multi-million dollar Pinnacle.

Look, I know layered company structure can get a little confusing, especially when you toss in several LLC’s which seem to come and go like the breeze on which the wind turbines rely.  Heck, even Mr. Friend’s US WindForce LLC, which was portrayed as the BFF of Mineral County WV, is defunct.  But I’m just not sure I would want to testify to the WV PSC that I’m confused about the hierarchy of the company that hired me to “shepherd” them to a $131 million project.

Hopefully my friends who oppose the Dan’s Mountain project and the County Officials are dealing directly with the Corporation which will design, build, operate and run the project, and not just the Developer seeking permits for someone else.

The reason I raise this is because I recall this comment in an article by RICHARD KERNS in the News-Tribune Wed Nov 04, 2009, 12:23 PM EST prior to Pinnacle construction – “If the West Virginia Public Service Commission approves the $131 million project, WindForce will essentially turn the keys over to Edison Mission Group, which will build and operate the wind farm.

In fact, at the WV PSC Hearing, Mr. Friend testified that “The challenge is we don’t know quite for sure when it will go to construction. In other words, Edison’s — the very high echelons of Edison have to make a final go/no-go decision for this project. And if for some reason something changed between us getting the permit and they’re making that final determination, some kind of a significant change in the economy, they may look at it and say, look, we don’t want to do this. And then if they don’t, then it’ll be my job to go find another suitor. And frankly they may have a different turbine. It may be very similar, but it might not be the Mitsubishi MWT 952.4.”

If I were an official of Allegany County asked to give a variance to a set of standards designed to protect citizens, I would want to be certain that the specifications of the project  were firm.  I would certainly be alarmed by Mr. Friend’s comment before the WV PSC that “if for some reason something changed between us getting the permit and they’re making that final determination … ” and further, “frankly they may have a different turbine. It may be very similar, but it might not be the Mitsubishi MWT 952.4.”

Again, I repeat, for emphasis, “between us getting the permit and they’re making that final determination.”  To what condition exactly does that apply?  Conditions beyond turbine selection, perhaps?

And if you happen to think the selection of turbine design is a small matter, think again. “We don’t believe we mislead anyone.” – Chapter Two (or Three or Four)

I’m probably a little too cautious.  But once these spinning monstrosities are plopped down in some of the most beautiful and fragile habitat in Western Maryland the deed is done.  The Commissioners and Zoning Board reviewing this variance request must see it for what it is … setting aside regulations put in place to protect citizens.  These protections were decided years ago and there was obviously much consideration given to the matter.

I’m not sure how this will all shake out, but for the Commissioners and Zoning Board to cast aside these public protections for the benefit of a for-profit company and perhaps set precedent for additional intrusion which will likely challenge zoning restrictions even further, they had better have a darned good reason.  Because once the destruction begins, there’s no turning back.

Editor’s note:  We make every effort to be accurate.  If find the need for corrections or additions, please contact me in the comment section.

Posted in Allegheny Mountains, Alternative Energy, Appalachian Mountains, Dan's Mountain Wind LLC, industrial wind agreements, Industrial Wind and Local Governments, US WindForce | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Botetourt County: so basically, just shut up!

Have fun following this:

APEX Clean Energy is interested in building an industrial wind project in Botetourt County, Virginia.

As a result, Botetourt County Supervisors were inspired to write an ordinance to protect all county citizens from the wind industry’s potential intrusion.  The ordinance was not specific to the APEX considered project which again, evidently inspired the ordinance activity.

Some of the (soon to be protected) folks didn’t think the proposed ordinance went far enough.  A reasonable concern, one would think, since it’s understood that wind projects are likely on the horizon but the who, what, where, when, how … etc. etc., are not defined!

County Supervisors evidently decided to kick alternate, likely more stringent, recommendations to the curb and passed the one they prepared.  The result is that some citizens and the wind developer were happy with the action … some other citizens, not so happy!

So, as a next step, the unhappy citizens sue.  They think the approved ordinance does not go far enough to protect them from dangers/developers associated with future undefined projects and, as we all have a right to do, want to have their day in Court.

The Attorney for the County Supervisors, apparently unwilling to fight the merits of the approved ordinance before a Judge, wants to dismiss the complaint due to non ordinance issues.  He says the Court doesn’t have jurisdiction because there’s no harm yet.  (Reminds me of when I called the power company about a tree limb laying across power lines and told to call back when the line comes down.)

Here’s how Botetourt County (Virginia) attorney Michael Lockaby is quoted in the Roanoke Times article: Because there is “no actual wind farm — or even an application to build one at this point — there is no potential harm for the court to consider.”

However the same article, two paragraphs later, states that “Action by the board of supervisors was prompted by interest from Apex Clean Energy, a Charlottesville company that is considering a project that would include up to 25 large turbines on North Mountain.”

Mr. Lockaby may be correct there is no formal application I suppose, but knowing of a project which a specific wind developer is considering with up to 25 large turbines on a specific mountain within your jurisdiction should give a trained lawyer a clue that there may, in fact, be potential harm to consider, don’t you think?

But, it seems the county would rather just put this to bed.  In other words:

  • unhappy citizens upset that an ordinance they feel inadequately protects them from projects, acknowledged as in “consideration” by the wind developer, are not supposed to sue because, according to the County Attorney, the projects don’t currently exist or are even planned? So basically, just shut up!
  • an alternative ordinance would be far too strict for potential projects of which county officials have no knowledge.  So basically, just shut up!
  • the county needs to go easy on these wind developers because we want them to come here.  So basically, just shut up!
  • the County Attorney says the “unhappy citizens” lawsuit’s statement regarding the assertion that the County prepared ordinance lacks teeth is “nothing more than a difference of opinion between a taxpayer and his government,” So basically, just shut up!

In other words … well folks, there are no words!

I continue to wonder why the success of the industrial wind business relies so heavily on limited debate.  Seems to me that, when you’re dealing with unknowns, asking your representatives to perhaps err on the side of protection of citizens is not a far fetched concept.  After all, it’s a lot easier to allow specific exceptions to a stringent ordinance as a project is being developed rather than utilize the Botetourt County Supervisors’ choice which is to “place rules on the books — with the option of tinkering with them later.”

Tinkering?????  Really?????

Oh, by the way, I’m not a resident of the Botetourt County … not even of Virginia.  But I’ve had experience with wind developers who were successful in placing 23 huge turbines along the ridge-line above my home town.  That developer is no longer … having disbanded the responsible LLC but, the same management team, located at the same address (not here, are you surprised?) is operating under an new name and trying to develop another project a few miles down the road.

And yes, there were lawsuits from the very health issues which rightfully concern the “unhappy citizens” of Botetourt.

Finally, to the county supervisors, I sympathize with you for not wanting to spend additional time considering alternatives to your ordinance, especially since there is “no actual wind farm — or even an application to build one at this point.”  Wait … what???

Please read all related articles at The Roanoke Times, which has provided what seems to be pretty thorough coverage of the ongoing issues.

We do make every effort to be accurate.  Please advise of any errors or omissions so appropriate corrections can be made.

Posted in botetourt county, Virginia Wind, wind ordinance | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

For industrial wind developers, silence is gold(en)!

Its common practice for companies to hire celebrities to promote their products – everything from razor blades to cars to pizza.  There’s a lot of competition out there and celebrities claiming a product is their favorite often persuades consumers to at least try their product.  As long at the celebrity actually uses the product they endorse, which is law in China but apparently not in the US, there’s nothing really wrong with the practice.

Anyway, if I buy a Gold Bond product because I like and trust their spokesman Shaquille O’Neal and the product doesn’t live up to expectations, I can always take it back to the store and get my money back.  I probably won’t write to Shaq and complain because maybe it worked for him.  Benefit of the doubt, you know … I think Shaq is an honest fellow!

But does the same concept hold as ethical if the “celebrity” is a public official.  What happens if the product proves a bust and yet it can’t be returned?  What if the officials see the error of their support for a failed product but must continue to actually promote the product anyway?  What if the money they were paid, in fact, bought their unflinching loyalty to the product and for the next 25 years they couldn’t tell their constituents they were bamboozled?  What if the product failed to deliver on its promises and actually became a health and/or environmental hazard and, by contract, they couldn’t speak out on behalf of the citizens they represent?

Sound far fetched?  Well, it seems little is when it comes to the industrial wind business.

As example, a contract under review for approval by the Board of Education representing the Mount Pulaski district in Illinois.  Seems the BOE just decided to turn down a $12.5 million offer submitted for their approval by wind farm developers Meridien LLC,  a subsidiary of Italy based ReLight US Corp.  All the wind company wanted in return was for the BOE to keep a zipped lip to any problems stemming from the wind plant under consideration for the area.

One citizen saw the potential money as salvation to a dwindling treasury noting that, among other school improvements, “the money could be used to add teacher’s aides to classrooms.”  Another saw it as a way for the wind developer to buy silence stating, “Ask yourself, ‘why are they offering this deal?’  The reason is because they know they have problems.  They know they are going to harm local residents.”

Sure, it would be a tough decision to refuse the cash.  Dangling money in front of a community in need can be pretty persuasive.  But after hearing from the public and, I would hope, realizing the ethical jeopardy they would put themselves in, the Board voted down the contract 4 to 2.

Just what were some of the “protections” the wind developer sought from the BOE in return for their $12.5 million which was to be paid out over the length of the project?  Have a look:

  • Present a resolution to the Logan County board in favor of the project
  • Supply representatives to speak in support of the project at public meetings
  • Issue company-approved news releases expressing their support for the wind farm
  • Ban all current and future board members from speaking against the project in an official capacity
  • Not make any claims or suits against the project or the company
  • Be prevented from passing any law or ordinance that would regulate, limit or detrimentally affect the project

Makes you wonder, doesn’t it?  Exactly how bad must your product be that you have pay officials to ignore their sworn duty to protect their citizens?

Thanks to our friends at National Wind Watch for reporting on the story.  Read more here –School Board votes ‘no’ on wind farm agreement

By the way, don’t think it can happen here … “here” being wherever you are?  Only way to be sure it doesn’t is to insist your officials fully understand they are working for you and that any contracts, as it was in this case, be made available to the public prior to signing.

Posted in industrial wind agreements | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Time to focus

For anyone wishing to educate themselves about Industrial Wind, beyond the information made available by the wind industry’s well financed AWEA (American Wind Energy Association), there are excellent sites which continue to provide news, information and studies.  These are operated by serious, well-informed and respected individuals who provide daily updates about national and worldwide issues.

The ever increasing number of grass-root groups formed to protect their communities from wind developers are very well served by the information provided by web resources such as two of my “go to’s'”  The Wind Action Group and National Wind Watch.

On the community action front, many grass-root groups have banded together to form alliances in order to bring numbers to issues to challenge the heavily funded wind profiteers.  I’ve linked several on the AT home page.  I recommend interested readers search out alliances which best serve your particular needs.

The one which most closely meets my regional needs is the Allegheny Highlands Alliance, an “alliance of organizations and individuals committed to protecting the mountain resources of the Allegheny Highlands.”  AHA counts among it’s membership organizations from West Virginia, Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and North Carolina.

It is important to note that the opinions/commentaries expressed at the Allegheny Treasures blog are not written, directed or approved by the Allegheny Highlands Alliance.  All commentary written by “morgan” for Allegheny Treasures is solely the opinion of the author.

I began Allegheny Treasures as a local blog because I felt ill served by my local news services which, in my estimation, provided a promotional view of the industrial wind project marching toward the ridges above my West Virginia home.  I wanted to learn more and persuade a few of my fellow residents to consider the information available beyond our local press articles.

Originally a supporter of the technology I became a convert to the opposition moved by the information I found, particularly as it related to the product’s poor performance, environmental destruction and broken promises made to communities.  I was particularly offended by what I felt was the profit-based developers attempt to masquerade as the community’s best friend only to later move on to the next target.

Defining myself as a pessimist and, in spite of our opposition, we lost the battle.  The placement of the 23 turbines of Pinnacle, stretching across the Allegheny ridge line above Keyser, WV is history.

After the project was completed, I felt it important to learn from that history and share what we could learn from this project to other communities within our region.  I wrote an open letter to the politicians and appointed officials who supported and/or permitted the installation with hopes that Pinnacle would serve as a “teachable moment” to other communities who face the difficult decision whether to allow or fight turbines in their communities.  Of course, the perpetually vocal supporters were suddenly very silent.  There was no response to my respectful request to measure promise against actual delivery on said promises, an opportunity the Pinnacle project easily afforded.

Over the past months this blog has been in Rip Van Winkle mode as I decided to focus on local/regional issues.  I admit to hitting the slumber button a few times over the past months but a few issues are causing the alarm to ring louder and can no longer be ignored.

While I will, to a lesser degree, point readers to items of national and international interest, I will leave full explanation to the much more effective sources, The Wind Action Group and National Wind Watch, and the other organizations which I link on the AT home page.  I will instead focus my efforts on the Appalachian region with particular attention to the efforts of wind developers who wish to bring industrial wind to our communities.

I welcome constructive and civil comments to my posts and will not screen based on differing opinions.  I will continue to refuse to post obscenity laced comments which, believe it or not, some individuals actually believe will bolster their argument.

I make every effort to be accurate and will quickly remedy any oversight or error, as long at the respondent provides evidence supporting the challenge.

With all that said, time to get to work.

Posted in AT Policy | Tagged , , , , , , , | 3 Comments

“crash course in sustainable wind energy”

“in fact, this could be the first “net-zero” building in Coos County. That means all of the energy needed to operate the museum and aquarium is expected to be generated on site.

No offense, but with all such claims … I’ll believe it when they cut the wires to the grid.

If they actually do cut the cord, I suspect the estimated 10,000 visitors who walk through the doors of the new Charleston Marine Life Center really will get a “crash course in sustainable wind energy.

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Too much CO2? Well, stuff it!

A couple of weeks ago over at Anthony Watts’ fine site there appeared a cautionary post by Eric Worrall regarding carbon sequestration.  Be sure to read his full and very interesting piece – 1 million tons of pressurised CO2 stored beneath Decatur, Illinois.

Briefly, Mr. Worrall shared his concern for the residents of Decatur should the stored CO2 leak out.  He related his concern to the 1986 CO2 leak in Africa which killed some 2,500 people living within in the 15 mile, thankfully sparsely populated, radius with just 100,000 – 300,000 tons of CO2 reaching the surface.

So today, a friend sends me this link – MIT study challenges feasibility of carbon capture and storage.

The MIT study confirms that “carbon sequestration promises to address greenhouse-gas emissions by capturing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and injecting it deep below the Earth’s surface, where it would permanently solidify into rock.”  The MIT researchers conducting the recent study are concerned that “as carbon dioxide works its way underground, only a small fraction of the gas turns to rock. The remainder of the gas stays in a more tenuous form.”  Further, “if it stays in its gaseous or liquid phase, it remains mobile and it can possibly return back to the atmosphere.”

The “back to the atmosphere” circumstance the MIT folks mention sounded harmless enough to my untrained ear, until I refered back to Mr. Worrall’s WUWT article which notes that the African “CO2 release was so deadly, because CO2 is heavier than air – when the huge CO2 cloud boiled out of lake Nyos, it hugged the ground, displacing all breathable air to an elevation 10s of ft above ground level, suffocating almost everyone in its path.  Its not just people and animals which would be affected – car engines would also stall, as the blanket of CO2 choked off the supply of oxygen.”

Mr. Worrall ends with this:  “If carbon sequestration becomes commonplace, sooner or later someone will get greedy and careless, and will be careless in their choice of geological reservoir, and / or will overload their geological reservoir to boost their bottom line. And that carelessness will, in my opinion, almost inevitably lead to a catastrophic loss of life.”

And I don’t know about you folks, but that scenario worries me a lot more than a couple of degree rise in temperature over the next 100 years or so.  I sure hope someone’s thought this whole thing through.


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Green Policy: “probably unnecessary, certainly ineffectual and ruinously expensive”

A very interesting discussion presented without comment.

Please visit panel moderator Piers Corbyn, Astrophysicist, long range weather forecaster, and campaigner, at Climate Realists and also subscribe to his YouTube channel.


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Climate Etc. – understanding the cost of renewables

Climate Etc. readers requested a post on “the generation planning process to help them better understand cost issues surrounding the large scale addition and integration of renewable resources.

According to the author of the excellent analysis, “the major takeaway is that differing types of generating resources bring diverse sets of costs and benefits to the power system so that they cannot be compared solely based on a cost per Megawatt (MW) produced basis … it matters very much when energy is generated, where the energy comes from and how well it works to support the system

Please read the full analysis at this link – All megawatts are not equal

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Another case of the green chicken coming home to roost?

You just knew it had to come:

“With just a 48-hour notice delivered by a personal phone call to Ms. Merkel on a Saturday, the CEO of E.ON, the largest German and European power producer, let it be known that the company had decided to split itself in two, one part grouping fossil and nuclear power generation and a second part encompassing the “politically correct” activities in the field of “renewable” energies. Sort of a “Bad E.ON” / “Good E.ON” move. The intention is to get rid of the “bad” part as soon as possible by putting it up for sale. At the same time, this also means the “good” part will cease to be duty bound to ensure a stable power supply under all circumstances. Obviously, such a liability is not enforceable from an entity whose only power sources are unstable wind and solar power plants. In a nutshell, the message behind this move is that the silverback of the “big four” German energy producers who group the bulk of the country’s conventional and nuclear power production is about to close shop at short notice. The others will probably follow suit.”

Please be sure to read the full opinion piece by Fred Mueller at this link:  The unsinkable German anti-CO2-Titanic just found its iceberg

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