Canadian engineer Kent Hawkins’ analysis, Integrating Renewables: Have Policymakers Faced the Realities, published by the United States Association for Energy Economics, lays bare the reality about industrial wind technology, showing particularly that the vastly subsidized costs, which are substantially more than any form of conventional generation, provice no capacity value, the most desired service for grids that seek to generate reliable, affordable, secure electricity. Moreover, it can offset little, if any, CO2 emissions and cannot significantly reduce the consumption of any conventional fuel, particularly fossil fuels, absent increases in nuclear or hydro production.
Mr. Hawkins has a BScEE and is retired. He recognized the efforts of Robert Bradley Jr., Jon Boone, John Droz Jr., Tom Stacy and Tom Tanton whose participation in the review of drafts was invaluable.
The full text of this excellent work is linked here for your convenience –Integrating Renewables: Have Policymakers Faced the Realities?